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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MARIJUANA

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MARIJUANA

What you need to know about marijuana. Marijuana, also known as pot, weed, ganja, grass, Cannabis, 420, etc., is an addictive drug derived from the buds hemp plants, Cannabis Sativa or Cannabis Indica. The active ingredient in marijuana is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is responsible for marijuana’s hallucinogenic effects. Another drug, hashish, comes from another part of the Cannabis plant, the sap or resinous part of the hemp plant leaves. Hash or hashish has a higher composition of psychoactive chemicals than ganja.

 

Marijuana is inhaled through pipes, water pipes (bongs), wraps, cigarettes, blunts (cigars with tobacco removed, then stuffed with marijuana), etc. Vaping is another way to use the drug. Often the drug is mixed with other substances. Creams, edibles, and transdermal patches are also used. Marijuana is an old drug and has been used for ceremonial purposes, medical use,and most frequently, for recreational use.

 

After alcohol and nicotine, marijuana is the most commonly used addictive drug. Marijuana use is widespread among young adults. Marijuana can be both physically and psychologically addictive and this addiction can adversely impact a person’s life. As marijuana becomes legal for medical use in more and more states, there are concerns about increasing rates of drug use and addiction. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), one in ten people who use marijuana will become addicted. When drug use begins before the age of 18 years, that rate increases to one in six.

 

It’s important to understand that marijuana isn’t exactly what it used to be. Marijuana has become much more potent. The amount of THC in pot has increased more than 150% since 1983. Sometimes unbeknownst to the user, marijuana can be laced with heroin, fentanyl and other opioids; cocaine; insecticides; and embalming fluid. About 400 harmful chemicals, many of which are carcinogenic, are commonly found in marijuana too.

CBD (cannabidiol), is an extract from the Cannabis Sativa, and is used to treat pain from arthritis, cancer, and other conditions. It is said to be an effective painkiller but is not legal in all states with the exception of Epidiolex, an FDA-approved drug used only to treat epilepsy. This form of CBD is a refined oil.

Note that some CBD low in THC content has been federally approved. These are hemp-based oils. However, Marijuana-derived products and medical marijuana are still legal in many states. Note that not all states are legally aligned with federal marijuana regulations.

How Does Marijuana Affect The Body?

Marijuana can be smoked or consumed orally through drinks or food. With marijuana smoke, effects are almost immediate. With marijuana edibles such as beverages or food, the effects take about 30 minutes to an hour to be felt.

 

THC, the active chemical in marijuana, moves quickly through the bloodstream to act on cannabinoid receptors in areas of the brain that control memory (the hippocampus), concentration (cerebral cortex), perception (sensory portions of the cerebral cortex), and movement (the cerebellum, substantia nigra, globus pallidus). These brain receptors normally respond to naturally occurring THC-like chemicals which are important in brain development and function.

 

Once consumed, marijuana causes overactivity on these brain receptors which produce the ‘high’ effects. When teens and young adults use marijuana these areas of the brain and their development can be adversely impacted. Research continues today to better understand these changes and if they are permanent.

 

Some research indicates that chronic marijuana abuse is linked to mental illnesses such as anxiety, depression, and schizophrenia. In addition, marijuana use also poses a major threat to lung health. Marijuana smokers, especially those who began as teenagers, can have the same respiratory problems as tobacco smokers. In fact, marijuana puts smokers at comparatively higher risk for lung health complications due to the fact that it has four times the tar, three to five times more carbon monoxide, and over 50% more carcinogenic hydrocarbons than cigarettes. Just three or four joints cause as much lung damage as 20 cigarettes. Clearly, marijuana smoke is bad for you.

What Are The Different Ways Of Taking It? How Do They Compare?

The two main ways that people get the cannabis chemicals into their body are through the lungs, by smoking or vaporizing it, or through the gut (orally), by eating or drinking it or by holding cannabis oil under the tongue.

The effects of cannabis when smoked or vaporized appear almost immediately, reach their strongest in the first 15 minutes or so, start to fade before an hour has passed, and are nearly gone after about 3 hours, although the exact timings vary from person to person.

When used orally, the effects of cannabis take much longer to appear and rise to their peak, you might feel nothing for an hour. Then the effects can last 5 hours or even more. This time can be very different from person to person.

The under-the-tongue route produces effects roughly half way between vaping /smoking and oral use.

The commonest way of using cannabis in the UK is also the worst for your health. That is adding it to tobacco in a cigarette paper, rolling it with no filter and smoking this ‘joint’. Tobacco smoke can give you lung cancer, COPD, and other potentially deadly diseases. Tobacco is also addictive, much more so than cannabis, so smoking cannabis joints can be a ‘gateway’ to a harmful and expensive tobacco addiction. Or it might lead you to craving more joints, and so smoking more cannabis than you might otherwise. Smoking cannabis as well as tobacco might lead to more harm than smoking tobacco only.

Smoking cannabis on its own (in a pipe or bong for example, or rolled in a tobacco-free cigarette) is much less harmful. The risk of lung cancer is far lower, maybe as low as someone who doesn’t smoke at all. Also, using tobacco makes it harder to breathe deeply and freely, cannabis alone seems not to. However, burning any plant, cannabis or tobacco, makes hundreds of toxic chemicals, and a cannabis smoker is still breathing in this cloud full of little irritating particles. This can cause inflammation, coughing and wheezing (bronchitis, which goes away when a user quits). How badly cannabis affects the lungs depends, of course, on how much someone uses it. People who smoke occasionally might not notice any problem, but constant cannabis smoking might do damage.

People who want the rapid effects of inhaling cannabis without the smoke can use a vaporiser instead. Vaporisers heat up the cannabis hot enough that the cannabinoids and some other substances evaporate and can be inhaled, but not so hot that the plant material is burnt. The vapor can still make you cough, but there is some research now to show that it can cause less harm. Moreover, avoiding the chemicals that result from burning is likely to be a good move.

Cannabis can also be cooked into food (such as brownies). This avoids any risk to the lungs, but a possible downside is that the effects can take a long time to come on and can take longer for some people than others, making it much harder to judge how much to take. This can lead to taking way too much and having a horrible few hours.

 

Side Effects of Marijuana

Marijuana is typically consumed for the relaxing and hallucinogenic effects it produces. However, the additives in this commonly-used drug can vary greatly and impacts the effects experienced. In general, there are some short- and long-term effects people who consume marijuana experience.

 

Short-term effects of marijuana use can include

  • Enhanced sensory perception
  • Feeling of euphoria
  • Feeling of relaxation followed by sleepiness
  • Slowed reaction time
  • Problems with coordination and balance
  • Problems with memory
  • Problems with focus and attention
  • Problems with learning
  • Skewed sensory and time perception
  • Difficulty thinking and solving problems
  • Shortened attention span and distractibility
  • Decreased alertness
  • Altered sense of time
  • Altered sensory perceptions
  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Paranoia
  • Hallucinations
  • Delusions
  • Psychosis
  • Anxiety
  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased appetite

Long-term effects of marijuana use can include:

  • Increase in or onset of mental health problems
  • Chronic cough
  • Ongoing or frequent respiratory issues
  • Increased risk of lung problems
  • Increased heart rate
  • Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome (intense nausea and vomiting)
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Suicidal thoughts (particularly in young people)
  • Decrease in IQ

It’s important to note that vaping marijuana is becoming more and more common today, especially among adolescents. While it cannot be directly connected at this time, the Food and Drug Administration has alerted public health groups to reports of serious and life-threatening lung issues from vaping. Death has even been reported. While to date no one ingredient can be linked, the FDA is warning people not to purchase vaping products from the street and be cautious with any vaping use.

Why Does Marijuana Have These Effects

Taking cannabis has the effects it has because it contains some unique drug chemicals called ‘cannabinoids’. The cannabinoid which is most important in making someone ‘stoned’ or ‘high’ is called THC. Some cannabis varieties (such as skunk) can contain much more THC than other types, and so give stronger effects or can be used in smaller amounts. However, scientists and cannabis users are also discovering that it’s not just the amount of THC that is important, but also the balance of THC with other cannabinoids, especially one called CBD. Cannabis varieties with lots of CBD (like most ‘hash’) might feel different (more relaxing, less confusing) and have a lower chance of causing harm, than cannabis varieties with little CBD (such as skunk). This is because CBD interacts with THC and reduces its “stoned” effects.

Our minds respond to cannabinoids from cannabis because we have a system in our brains called the endocannabinoid system that it can interact with. This system has a role in controlling memory, mood, appetite, sleep and other functions. The endocannabinoid system is not there to be triggered by cannabinoids from cannabis; the fact that it can be manipulated by this plant may be due to a close co-evolution of humans and the cannabis plant family.

The endocannabinoid system responds to the body’s own endocannabinoids; these are cannabinoid chemicals made in our brains. The effect of cannabinoids from cannabis on the endocannabinoid system doesn’t entirely explain how cannabis users feel and act when they are stoned. Without realising it, people learn to fit in with acting a certain way when they are stoned and around other stoned people. This helps explain why one substance, in different cultural contexts, can have such different effects.

Signs and Symptoms of Marijuana Addiction

Marijuana addiction is also called cannabis use disorder. This substance use disorder is included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition (DSM-V). Signs of marijuana addiction are similar to signs of addiction to other drugs.

 

Physical Symptoms Associated with Marijuana Addiction

  • Having strong urges or cravings for the drug
  • Developing a tolerance and needing more to get the same ‘high’
  • Drug uses increases to high doses in amount consumed
  • Drug use occurs over longer periods of time
  • Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when not using
  • Becoming lethargic and unmotivated

Behavioral Symptoms Associated with Marijuana Addiction

  • Spending a lot of time using, getting, or recovering from drug use
  • Putting yourself in risky situations to get it or when using
  • Stopping participating in hobbies or activities formerly enjoyed
  • Continuing to use the drug despite negative consequences in work, school, relationships
  • Breaking the law to use or get it
  • Spending money meant for other things on the drug
  • Neglecting responsibilities because of using or being ‘too high’
  • Wanting to cut back or stop use and being unable to do so
  • Spending a lot of time thinking about using and getting marijuana

Is It True Marijuana Can Be Used As A Medicine

Yes. Cannabis has been used as a medicine for thousands of years and is helping increasing numbers of people now. But some people misunderstand what this means. Sometimes people argue with one side saying “cannabis is a harmful drug” and the other side saying “no it isn’t, cannabis is a wonderful medicine”. Both sides are right and wrong. Cannabis itself isn’t either good or bad; it depends on the type, how it is used, in what situation, and who uses it. It is just like a knife; a surgeon can use one kind of knife to make a sick person better, or a healthy person can accidentally harm themselves with a knife.

Usually, for a drug to be recognized as a proper medicine, scientists have to have done a trial in which they take a group of people who all have a particular problem or illness, give only half of them the drug, and find out if the people who were given the drug do better overall than the people who were not given it. A recent study reported that in the UK nearly 1.4million people are using cannabis for medical reasons. Although cannabis is still illegal it seems that many people are finding a benefit from it. Recently, there has been growing interest in looking at real world accounts of these people and reporting on how medical cannabis has helped them. Scientists conducting this kind of research, which is one of the things we do at Drug Science, argue that this is a reasonable and high-quality way of understanding how well a drug is doing. We are working with legislators to realize the importance of studies that don’t follow strict and expensive trials and they are beginning to see the benefit of this new approach.

Drug Science is currently collecting data on medical cannabis with Project Twenty21, through which eligible people can access medical cannabis at a reduced price, while their treatment outcomes are analyzed to gather evidence for the role of cannabis as a medicine and to help guide public health policy.

Some forms of cannabis or chemicals from cannabis have passed through the strict trials showing for example that it can help reduce painful symptoms for some people with MS. Other medical uses of cannabis, like preventing seizures, seem very promising. Other evidence has also emerged on its role in treating chronic pain and anxiety and other psychiatric disorders.

But not everyone can benefit from the medical properties of cannabis, and trying to use it as a medicine without a doctor’s guidance might do more harm than good.

There are many scientists who are trying hard to help patients by investigating and testing all the interesting chemicals in the cannabis plant that could maybe work as medicines, so that as many people as possible can benefit in future. This work takes a long time, especially as research and medical use of the drug is restricted by the law. This leads to a very sad situation where people who might possibly benefit from using a carefully produced cannabis medicine like Sativex cannot get it from their doctor or can only buy unpredictable illegal cannabis.

The distress this causes is made worse when people put their hope in stories, which often spread online, that cannabis is a miracle cure for cancer and almost everything else. These stories are often passed to ill people with good intentions, but they can be a dangerously persuasive mix of misinterpreted facts and total nonsense. They can mislead people into thinking that radiotherapy and chemotherapy are evil treatments that don’t work, their doctors are their enemies, and that all a person with cancer needs is natural cannabis.

There is early hope that cannabis may have an important place in the toolkit doctors have to fight cancer, in short, it may become a useful chemotherapy, but it is not a replacement for current chemotherapy. At the moment, the evidence for cannabis as a chemotherapy is incomplete and uncertain, it might help, it might not. But it is certain that despite the damage they can do, the chemotherapies and radiotherapy in use now have helped millions of people beat cancer or extend their lives.

 

Signs and Symptoms of Marijuana Addiction

Marijuana addiction is also called cannabis use disorder. This substance use disorder is included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition (DSM-V). Signs of marijuana addiction are similar to signs of addiction to other drugs.

 

Physical Symptoms Associated with Marijuana Addiction

  • Having strong urges or cravings for the drug
  • Developing a tolerance and needing more to get the same ‘high’
  • Drug uses increases to high doses in amount consumed
  • Drug use occurs over longer periods of time
  • Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when not using
  • Becoming lethargic and unmotivated

Behavioral Symptoms Associated with Marijuana Addiction

  • Spending a lot of time using, getting, or recovering from drug use
  • Putting yourself in risky situations to get it or when using
  • Stopping participating in hobbies or activities formerly enjoyed
  • Continuing to use the drug despite negative consequences in work, school, relationships
  • Breaking the law to use or get it
  • Spending money meant for other things on the drug
  • Neglecting responsibilities because of using or being ‘too high’
  • Wanting to cut back or stop use and being unable to do so
  • Spending a lot of time thinking about using and getting marijuana

As with most drugs, being unable to stop or cut down on use despite wanting to or trying is a strong indication that addiction has developed. As marijuana becomes more accepted in society and legal in numerous states, many people mistakenly believe that it is a safe drug and addiction is not possible. This is not accurate.

Addiction to marijuana is not only real but can detrimentally impact both the mental and physical health of those who use it chronically. This is especially true for teens and young adults whose brains are still developing. Abusing marijuana during this critical brain development stage can have adverse and permanent effects.

Marijuana Withdrawal Symptoms and Signs

Withdrawal from marijuana is most typically experienced by daily users or those who use marijuana frequently and have for a period of months or more. These withdrawal symptoms can begin as soon as the individual comes down from the last ‘high’ or in about a week or so after the last use. Generally, withdrawal symptoms peak at about 10 days from the last use (or beginning of withdrawal) and decline after that. Usually, withdrawal lasts anywhere from two to four or more weeks.

Physical Withdrawal Symptoms

  • Sleep issues including insomnia and nightmares
  • Weight loss
  • Appetite changes
  • Cravings
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain

Behavioral Withdrawal Symptoms

  • Anger
  • Irritability
  • Restlessness
  • Aggressiveness
  • Anxiety
  • Depression

While withdrawal and detoxing from marijuana aren’t considered to be medically dangerous, it’s important to understand that there can be complications based on factors unique to each person. These include the presence of other mental health and physical health conditions as well as the use of other substances. Often, when people are detoxing from any type of drug the onset of severe depression is an area of concern. For this reason, it’s vital to seek professional advice for stopping the use of marijuana. Treatment programs are available that effectively treat cannabis use disorder.

Treatment for Marijuana Addiction

Treatment for marijuana addiction is highly effective. Various options include cognitive-behavioral therapy, addiction counseling, motivational enhancement therapy, medications to treat withdrawal, and motivational incentives.

 

The first step in creating an effective treatment plan for cannabis use disorder is to make a thorough assessment of the individual and any co-occurring disorders such as depression. In addition, there are often cross-addictions when it comes to marijuana addiction. For example, someone who is addicted to marijuana may also have a problem with alcohol addiction. Research shows that treating all addictions or mental health disorders at the same time is the most effective treatment approach.

 

For some patients, a closely monitored outpatient marijuana addiction treatment program (perhaps combined with a support group) is sufficient. For others, especially those with comorbid disorders or other addictions, an inpatient or residential treatment program is more successful. Drug rehabs for marijuana abuse should offer safe, medically-assisted detox, behavioral therapy, addiction counseling, family counseling, aftercare plans, and when possible, pharmacotherapy. Caron offers programs to treat marijuana addiction in teens, young adults, and adults. At Caron, we believe recovery isn’t just possible—it’s probable. Contact Caron today to learn more about our comprehensive addiction treatment programs and how we can help you or your loved one. Call 844-260-1324.

What is weed?

Weed, another word for marijuana, is a potent hallucinogenic drug that occurs naturally in Cannabis sativa hemp. The plant is dried and most commonly smoked from a cigarette, pipe, or bong. It can also be vaped or eaten. The active chemical ingredient in weed is tetrahydrocannabinol or THC.

What is pot?

Pot, another word for marijuana, is a drug made from dried Cannabis sativa hemp plant. Its active ingredient is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which may produce hallucinogenic effects. Marijuana may be smoked in a cigarette, pipe or bong, or eaten.

What happens when you stop smoking weed?

When someone stops smoking weed after a period of prolonged and regular use, they will likely have both physical and emotional withdrawal symptoms that usually appear within one week of quitting. Emotional withdrawal symptoms may include depression, anxiety, or anger. Physical symptoms could include tremors, sweats, fevers, chills, and headaches. Sleep disturbances are also common.

Is weed a drug?

Yes, weed is a drug. It is physically and psychologically addictive. The active chemical in weed is TCH or tetrahydrocannabinol.

What percent of teens smoke weed?

According to the National Report of Drug Abuse, 1 in 7 or 15% of teenagers use marijuana, and, according to The Partnership for Drug-Free Kids, as many as 1 in 10 smoke weed 20 times or more a month.

 

 

What Does The Law Say About Marijuana 

Cannabis is a Class B drug in the UK. That means that in theory, getting caught by the police with any amount of cannabis can lead to up to 5 years in prison, an unlimited fine or both. However, this political classification of cannabis is not a good guide to its harmfulness compared to other drugs or to the likely legal consequences of getting caught with it.

The first time that the police find cannabis in someone’s possession, they are likely to give a ‘cannabis warning’, and each time afterwards they will take tougher action, such as fining you, or arresting you. It is very unusual in the UK for someone to go to prison just for possessing cannabis for personal use.

Growing cannabis or selling it to others can result in more serious consequences. Remember that the law doesn’t distinguish between dealing cannabis and sharing or giving it to your friends, it all can be counted as supplying the drug.

Getting a criminal record for a cannabis offence can have many bad consequences. It can make it harder to get your dream job or can mean you can be blocked from travelling to some countries such as America. It might make it harder for you to become Prime Minister and produce great laws to minimize the harms of cannabis to society – even though many Prime Ministers and world leaders have admitted to using it!!

 

Is medical marijuana available as a prescription medicine?

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved the use of cannabis as a treatment for any medical condition. However, the FDA has approved the cannabinoids cannabidiol (Epidiolex) and dronabinol (Marinol, Syndros).

Cannabidiol can be used for certain forms of severe epilepsy. Dronabinol can be used for nausea and vomiting caused by cancer chemotherapy and for anorexia associated with weight loss in people with AIDS.

 

CLICK HERE TO ORDER MARIJUANA AND OTHER RELATED FROM CALI EXOTIC SHOP

 

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